Workshop: Sumerian and Akkadian Elements in Anatolian Cuneiform

The structure of  Anatolian cuneiform features graphic elements of foreign origin, commonly referred to as Sumero- and Akkadograms. The goal of the proposed panel is to discuss these elements from both synchronic and comparative-historical perspectives.


On the one hand, there are a number of theoretical issues pertaining to the use of Sumero- and Akkadograms on which there is no consensus among Hittitologists. For example, what is the proper nomenclature for the Sumero- and Akkadograms? To what extent they were deployed in dictation or used as a part of scribal jargon? What was the principal motivation behind retaining these elements as a part of Hittite orthography? Is there a sharp boundary between the use of Sumerograms as logograms and determinatives?


On the other hand, the evolution of the Hittite cuneiform poses a number of practical questions. For example, how the transmission of the Hittite cuneiform from Syria to Anatolia affected the inventory and structure of Sumerograms? Which Sumero- and Akkadograms can be used for dating Hittite texts? Furthermore, to what extent do Hittite writing practices reflect otherwise less well attested Middle Babylonian repertoires of logographic writing?


We see the workshop at RAI in Marburg as a forum that is conducive to the exchange of opinions regarding these and related issues within the Hittitological community and obtaining an informed feedback from Assyriologists. No formal publication is planned, the participants are rather encouraged to submit the results of their research to peer-reviewed journals.


Workshop organizers:


Mark Weeden:


Ilya Yakubovic:


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